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PureSona Stethoscope Diaphragms - Single Patient Use - Monthly Subscription

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    FURTHER READING & REFERENCES

    1. Maki, D.G. and Tsigrelis, C. Nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit. in: J.E. Parrillo, R.P. Dellinger (Eds.) Critical Care Medicine. Principles of Diagnosis and Management. (4th ed.). Mosby, Philadelphia, PA; 2014: 825–869

    2. Rosenthal, V.D., Bijie, H., Maki, D.G. et al. International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) report, data summary of 36 countries, for 2004-2009. Am J Infect Control. 2012; 40: 396–407

    3. Maki, D.G. Control of colonization and transmission of pathogenic bacteria in the hospital. Ann Intern Med. 1978; 89: 777–780

    4. Boyce, J.M., Pittet, D., Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee, and HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings: Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and the HIPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. Am J Infect Control. 2002; 30: S1–S46

    5. Maki, D.G., Alvarado, C.J., Hassemer, C.A., and Zilz, M.A. Relation of the inanimate hospital environment to endemic nosocomial infection. N Engl J Med. 1982; 307: 1562–1566

    6. Weber, D.J., Rutala, W.A., Miller, M.B., Huslage, K., and Sickbert-Bennett, E. Role of hospital surfaces in the transmission of emerging health care-associated pathogens: norovirus, Clostridium difficile, and Acinetobacter species. Am J Infect Control. 2010; 38: S25–S33

    7. Jones, J.S., Hoerle, D., and Riekse, R. Stethoscopes: a potential vector of infection?. Ann Emerg Med. 1995; 26: 296–299

    8. Marinella, M.A., Pierson, C., and Chenoweth, C. The stethoscope. A potential source of nosocomial infection?. Arch Intern Med. 1997; 157: 786–790

    9. Bernard, L., Kereveur, A., Durand, D. et al. Bacterial contamination of hospital physicians’ stethoscopes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999; 20: 626–628

    10. Zachary, K.C., Bayne, P.S., Morrison, V.J., Ford, D.S., Silver, L.C., and Hooper, D.C. Contamination of gowns, gloves, and stethoscopes.... Infect Control Hosp

    11. Parmar, R.C., Valvi, C.C., Sira, P., and Kamat, J.R. A prospective, randomised, double-blind study of comparative efficacy of immediate versus daily cleaning of stethoscope using 66% ethyl alcohol.

    12. Bandi, S., Uddin, L., Milward, K., Aliyu, S., and Makwana, N. How clean are our stethoscopes and do we need to clean them?. J Infect. 2008; 57: 355–356

    13. Fenelon, L., Holcroft, L., and Waters, N. Contamination of stethoscopes with MRSA and current disinfection practices. J Hosp Infect. 2009; 71: 376–378

    14. Uneke, C.J., Ogbonna, A., Oyibo, P.G., and Ekuma, U. Bacteriological assessment of stethoscopes used by medical students in Nigeria: implications for nosocomial infection control. World Health Popul. 2008; 10: 53–61

    15. Schroeder, A., Schroeder, M.A., and D’Amico, F. What’s growing on your stethoscope? (And what you can do about it). J Fam Pract. 2009; 58: 404–409

    16. Uneke, C.J., Ogbonna, A., Oyibo, P.G., and Onu, C.M. Bacterial contamination of stethoscopes used by health workers: public health implications. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2010; 4: 436–441

    17. Vajravelu, R.K., Guerrero, D.M., Jury, L.A., and Donskey, C.J. Evaluation of stethoscopes as vectors of Clostridium difficile and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012; 33: 96–98

    18. Merlin, M.A., Wong, M.L., Pryor, P.W. et al. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus on the stethoscopes of emergency medical services providers. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2009; 13: 71–74

    19. Blydt-Hansen, T., Subbarao, K., Quennec, P., and McDonald, J. Recovery of respiratory syncytial virus from stethoscopes by conventional viral culture and polymerase chain reaction. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999; 18: 164–165

    20. Longtin, Y., Schneider, A., Tschopp, A. et al. Contamination of stethoscopes and physicians’ hands following a physical examination. Mayo Clin Proc. 2014; 89: 291–299

    21. ivornese, L.L. Jr., Dias, S., Samel, C. et al. Hospital-acquired infection.... Ann Intern Med. 1992; 117: 112–116

    22. van den Berg, R.W., Claahsen, H.L., Niessen, M., Muytjens, H.L., Liem, K., and Voss, A. Enterobacter cloacae outbreak in the NICU related to disinfected thermometers. Hosp Infect. 2000; 45: 29–34

    23. Dijk, Y., Bik, E.M., Hochstenbach-Vernooij, S. et al. Management of an outbreak of Enterobacter cloacae in a neonatal unit using simple preventive measures. J Hosp Infect. 2002; 51: 21–26

    24. Hoşbul, T., Ozyurt, M., Karademir, F., Süleymanoğlu, S., and Haznedaroğlu, T. Investigation of a nosocomial outbreak caused by ESBL positive Klebsiella pneumoniae in neonatal intensive care unit by AP-PCR. Mikrobiyol Bul. 2012; 46: 101–105

    25. Siegel, J.D., Rhinehart, E., Jackson, M., Chiarello, L., and Health Care Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Health Care Settings. Am J Infect Control. 2007; 35: S65–S164

    26. Safdar, N. and Maki, D.G. The commonality of risk factors for nosocomial colonization and infection with antimicrobial-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, enterococcus, gram-negative bacilli, Clostridium difficile, and Candida. Ann Intern Med. 2002; 136: 834–844

    27. Vos, M.C., Behrendt, M.D., Melles, D.C. et al. 5 years of experience implementing a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus search and destroy policy at the largest university medical center in the Netherlands. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009; 30: 977–984

    28. Jain, R., Kralovic, S.M., Evans, M.E. et al. Veterans Affairs initiative to prevent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections. N Engl J Med. 2011; 364: 1419–1430

    29. Bleasdale, S.C., Trick, W.E., Gonzalez, I.M., Lyles, R.D., Hayden, M.K., and Weinstein, R.A. Effectiveness of chlorhexidine bathing to reduce catheter-associated bloodstream infections in medical intensive care unit patients. Arch Intern Med. 2007; 167: 2073–2079

    30. Climo, M.W., Yokoe, D.S., Warren, D.K. et al. Effect of daily chlorhexidine bathing on hospital-acquired infection. N Engl J Med. 2013; 368: 533–542

    31. Huang, S.S., Septimus, E., Kleinman, K...., CDC Prevention Epicenters Program, and AHRQ DECIDE Network and Healthcare-Associated Infections Program. Targeted versus universal decolonization to prevent ICU infection. N Engl J Med. 2013; 368: 2255–2265

    32. General Health Protection, Department of Health and Health Act 2006. Code of Practice for the Prevention and Control of Healthcare Associated Infections. Uniforms and Workwear. An Evidence Base for Developing Local Policy. Department of Health, London; 2006

    33. Harris, A.D., Pineles, L., Belton, B. et al. Universal glove and gown use and acquisition of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the ICU: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2013; 310: 1571–1580

    34. Klein, B.S., Perloff, W.H., and Maki, D.G. Reduction of nosocomial infection during pediatric intensive care by protective isolation. N Engl J Med. 1989; 320: 1714–1721

    35. Karpanen, T.J., Casey, A.L., Lambert, P.A. et al. The antimicrobial efficacy of copper alloy furnishing in the clinical environment: a crossover study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012; 33: 3–9

    36. Bazaka, K., Jacob, M.V., Crawford, R.J., and Ivanova, E.P. Efficient surface modification of biomaterial to prevent biofilm formation and the attachment of microorganisms. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012; 95

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    STETHOSCOPE PATENTS

    With an insistence on quality and a constant focus on innovation, we strive to deliver first-class instruments that lead the industry in accuracy, safety, and cutting-edge design. Look for these patented features on our stethoscopes:

    • ErgonoMax™ headset: Pat. No. ZL 200820155127.0
    • X-configuration tubing: Pat. No. ZL 200820151419.7
    • ProCardial™ C3 chestpiece: Pat. No. ZL 2011 2 0200178.2
    • SafetyLock™ eartip adaptors: Pat. No. ZL 201020279423.9
    • SoundTight™ GLS Acoustic Valve: Pat. No. ZL 201020279428.1
    • MDF® 740 Pulse Time™ with timepiece: Pat. No. ZL 201030027143.4
    • Lightweight ProCardial-ERA™ chestpiece with dual output valve:
    • PureSona:
      • China Utility Patent App. 201921416253.1
      • China Utility Patent App. 201910805358.4
      • Taiwan Utility Patent App.108211920
      • US Utility Patent Pending
      • Other Int'l Utility Patents Pending

    R

    Accuracy is a constant focus in the medical instrumentation arena. The quest to improve functionality, acoustic sensitivity, precision, and performance is a driving force at the heart of the industry. MDF® instruments is more keenly aware of this challenge than most, with research and innovation at the very core of our business, since this is the future of the medical instruments industry. We are always planning for the future—developing the technical solutions that will lead to the next generation of instruments for improved diagnosis and wellness.

    HANDCRAFTED SINCE 1971

    MDF® Instruments stethoscopes have been handcrafted in the MDF® artisan tradition since 1971. They are super-duty, high-performance medical tools that meet the toughest requirements of precision and accuracy.

    Q

    We are insistent on delivering first-class instruments, because quality is the key to all that is significant in our line of work. From conception through the final stage of assembly, our crafters' hands and traditional tools are supplemented by advanced technology. Each instruments is handcrafted and rigorously examined under the stringent scrutiny of state-of-the-art quality mechanisms. But regardless of the latest quality control systems we employ, before each instruments receives the MDF® Seal of Quality, we simply ask ourselves: *Is this good enough for my family?*

    M

    MDF® instruments are super-duty, high-performance medical tools that meet the toughest requirements of precision and accuracy. We apply advanced technological developments and use the best materials for our instruments. Our designers and engineers couple the latest technologies with a unique working process to foster a traditional yet innovative approach. We select both conventional and avant garde materials to ensure durability and reliability. Our instruments are immediately recognizable as simple yet distinctive—a unique combination of functionality and performance.

    D

    Designed to satisfy the senses, MDF® instruments are sleek in design and truly functional—the hallmarks of MDF® creations. Our instruments are distinctive, with classical roots and modern touches. In everything from the individual components to colors selections, MDF® believes in innovation and aesthetics that translate a strong identity of design and style. These distinctive characteristics contribute to the functionality and performance of our instruments.